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Human Sustainable Development: Global Issues
Sustainable development is widely researched and written discipline of the new millennium. Defined in Brundtland conference in 1987 as meeting present needs without compromising the ability to satisfy future need attracted attention for a balance between environmental sustainability and development activities. A progressive definition that emerged these days argues sustainability needs to have convergence with human development. Therefore, it proposes clear arguments of distinction between the ‘to be sustained’ and ‘to be developed’.
This study elucidates some fundamental assumptions and gaps between sustainability and human development based on the country level data from 187 countries on human development and environmental aspects. First, there is imbalance between use of natural resources and level of development. This sustains the arguments of that developed countries are exploiting natural resources and also threatening the sustainability by increasing carbon dioxide emissions, a major pollutant posing pressure on global climate change. Second, developing countries are the direct victim of global environmental degradation. The human cost of degradation is several times higher in developing countries who already are marred by poverty and poor governance structure.