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National Social Security Policy: A Reality Need for Nepal
The concept of social security, as presented in the Universal Declaration of Human Right, explains that everybody has right to social security in order to ensure a life with justice, equality and dignity. Social security refers to the financial support action programs of government intended to promote welfare of the population. It is potentially directed to vulnerable segments of the society such as children, the elderly, the sick and the unemployed. Germany was the first nation to adopt a modern social security scheme with the introduction of old age social insurance program. The 1991 People’s Movement for restoring multiparty democracy and 2006 people‘s movement for federal democracy has contributed to raise the voice of the mass for demanding social security services especially to take care the post conflict rehabilitation situation of the country. This pressure has created an opportunity to formulate a national social security policy as a reality need of the country.